A good knowledge of your customers enables you to develop marketing strategies that target their specific needs - and increase your sales. But how do you safely get, store and sort customer data? Emma Allen finds out how a customer relationship management (CRM) system can boost your revenue
A customer relationship management system can be a powerful tool in your marketing armoury. By recording your customer's product likes and dislikes, their spending patterns and their location, age and gender, CRM software enables you to build up a detailed picture of their tastes, needs and buying habits.
This in turn enables you to segment your customer base into groups of buyers with different tastes or budgets. You can identify your most profitable customers, for example, or promising prospects, and target them with marketing messages and offers devised just for them.
If the message - and its timing - is right, you could improve your sales conversion rates considerably.
Why invest in a small business CRM system?
"CRM is a customer-focused business strategy designed to optimise revenue, profit and customer satisfaction," explains Jason Nash, Microsoft's CRM product marketing manager. "The more you understand your customers, the easier it is to target new prospects and boost sales.
"If you have your marketing database, your sales pipeline and delivery going through your CRM system, you can monitor the relationship and accurately measure your return on investment," he continues. "By using data effectively, you can also drive sales from an existing customer base, rather than spend a lot of money on trying to attract new clients."
Traditional or cloud-based CRM?
CRM systems are not just for corporates, he says. "Smaller businesses don't necessarily need a highly sophisticated CRM package," says Nash. "But if it's implemented properly, most systems should pay for themselves within 12 months."
Many businesses now opt to set up a cloud-based CRM system. This can have a number of benefits:
- cloud-based software can be accessed easily by salespeople working out of the office;
- cloud-based applications are often cheaper as they don't require a large upfront investment (businesses can subscribe on a monthly basis);
- it may be easier to scale up an online CRM system.
A micro-business can expect to pay as little as £3 per user per month for an entry-level, cloud-based CRM system. However, businesses with around 10 employees should expect to pay around £50 per user per month for a suitable cloud-based system.
Alternatively, businesses can buy and set up a CRM system on their computer network. Initially this is likely to cost considerably more, as it will include IT support and one-off fees such as software licences. It is worth checking out your existing IT support contract to see what it covers.
Choosing a CRM system
With many CRM systems on the market, you will need to be clear about what you want yours to do. Do you need something that will work seamlessly with your existing software, for example? Do you want it to schedule sales calls, or send automatic emails to customers confirming orders?
"You should try to find one that is easy to use," advises Nash. "Some are compatible with common email platforms - staff are more likely to use these, because they are familiar."
Cheap CRM systems for small businesses
If you’re looking to install a CRM system on a low budget, here are your options:
- HubSpot offers completely free CRM software - although to upgrade does involve a significant price jump.
- Capsule also has a free option with streamlined features. Small teams can upgrade to the professional plan starting at £12 per user per month.
- Pipedrive has an ‘Essential’ package starting at £12.50 per user per month, with a variety of upgrade options based on the features you need.
- Salesforce offer a ‘Small business essentials’ package for up to 10 users, at £20 per user per month based on taking an annual contract.
- Zoho allows a 30-day free trial to see whether their solution is the right one for you. After that, prices start at £40 per user per month.
Whatever package you choose, making it accessible to everyone is crucial. "Too often, CRM systems are just rolled out to sales staff and you miss other opportunities across the organisation where you can gather data to build customer loyalty.
"For CRM to be effective, all staff should have input," concludes Nash.